Directed self-assembly (DSA) of block copolymer (BCP) thin films has been extensively researched as an alternative lithographic technology to enhance the resolution beyond the limitation of current lithography techniques. One of the most critical factors need to be addressed for DSA process to be accepted at high volume manufacturing (HVM) is defect density of DSA pattern. The defects of thermodynamically driven DSA process, such as the dislocation defects in LiNe flow, are known as kinetically trapped metastable structures. Therefore, a key to eliminate those defects is to find out the effective kinetic pathway of assembly that enables BCP to reach to defect-free structure more easily. In addition to defect annihilation, easy pathway will also allow faster assembly, consequently reducing the cost of ownership of DSA process. The obvious approach for faster assembly in DSA process is to increase annealing temperature. In this study, we address the impact of annealing temperature on DSA process. First, increasing annealing temperature makes the free surface of a PS-b-PMMA film more PMMA preferential. Because of altered boundary condition at the top surface, more careful optimization of backfilling brush was required to maintain preferred orientation of BCP films. Second, the dimension of BCP is also affected by annealing temperature. Temperature dependency of BCP dimension was quantitatively investigated by CD-SEM and DSA-APPS Offline CD Measurement Software (Figure 1a). Based on the measured values, the dimension of chemical pattern is accordingly modified to achieve aligned DSA pattern (Figure 1b). We anticipate our finding from this study can be generally applied for other BCP systems.
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Hyo Seon Suh, Akhil Nair, Paulina Rincon Delgadillo, Jan Doise, Gian Lorusso, Paul Nealey, Victor Monreal, Durairaj Baskaran, Yi Cao, Munirathna Padmanaban, Jin Li, Takeshi Kato, Takumichi Sutani, Toru Ishimoto, Masami Ikota, and Shunsuke Koshihara, "Impact of annealing temperature on DSA process: toward faster assembly kinetics (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10586, Advances in Patterning Materials and Processes XXXV, 105860T (Presented at SPIE Advanced Lithography: February 28, 2018; Published: 19 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2299496.5754464306001.
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