Bio-inspired polymeric artificial muscles have been regarded as perfect candidates for future soft electronic devices such as human-friendly wearable electronics, and soft haptic-feedback systems. However, for more practical applications of polymeric artificial muscles, the drawbacks of the artificial muscles including response time, power generation, durability, and cost-effectiveness remain to be resolved. Here, we report a bio-inspired high-performance artificial muscles based on three-dimensional networked carbon nanostructures, which provide an electrically conductive network in the electrodes. The three-dimensional networked carbon nanostructures exhibit high specific capacitance in both aqueous and non-aqueous electrolyte, large specific surface area, and high electrical conductivity. Moreover, the bio-inspired artificial muscles were successfully demonstrated with high strain and long-term durability under low input voltages, owing to the outstanding features of three-dimensional networked carbon nanostructures. Therefore, the bio-inspired artificial muscles with 3D-networked carbon nanostructures can play key roles for next-generation soft and wearable electronics.
Jaehwan Kim and Il-Kwon Oh, "Bio-inspired high-performance artificial muscles using 3D-networked carbon nanostructures (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10594, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) XX, 105941I (Presented at SPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring: March 08, 2018; Published: 27 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2296577.5758621009001.
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