We propose an analytical model for a laminated beam consisting of a superelastic shape memory alloy (SMA) core layer bonded to two piezoelectric layers on its top and bottom surfaces. The model accounts for forward and reverse phase transformation between austenite and martensite during a full isothermal loading-unloading cycle starting a full austenite in the SMA layer. In particular, the laminated composite beam has a rectangular cross section and is fixed at one end while the other end is subjected to a concentrated transverse force acting at the tip. The moment-curvature relation is analytically derived. The generated electric displacement output from the piezoelectric layers is then determined using the linear piezoelectric theory. The results are compared to 3D simulations using finite element analysis (FEA). The comparison shows good agreement in terms of electric displacement, in general, throughout the loading cycle.
N. V. Viet, W. Zaki, and R. Umer, "Analytical model for a laminated shape memory alloy beam with piezoelectric layers," Proc. SPIE 10596, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites XII, 105960A (Presented at SPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring: March 05, 2018; Published: 22 March 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2296373.
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