In recent years, plasmonic resonant antennas have seen widespread consideration in many detection and chemistry applications due to their potential for enhancing and confining the emission and polarization of electromagnetic fields. Examples include optical couplers to ultra-compact photodetectors, high-resolution optical microscopy, enablers of single molecule Raman signal detection and heating elements that facilitate nanostructure growth. An asymmetric cross-bowtie antenna is investigated for providing a broad circular polarized frequency response in the long wave infrared (LWIR). The asymmetric cross-bowtie antenna is constructed with two perpendicular bowtie antennas with differing arm lengths. The asymmetric cross-bowtie antenna is numerically analyzed using a finite element method (FEM) solver; Ansys High Frequency Structural Simulator (HFSS). The two perpendicular bowtie antennas, under illumination, provide a wide-band localized circularly-polarized field within a shared antenna feed-gap. At the center frequency of 28.3 THz (10.6μm), a circularly-polarized state over 30% bandwidth is achieved. The antenna is then loaded with a metal-oxide-metal diode in order to design a circularly polarized antenna-coupled detector.
Shenjie Miao, Yuancheng Xu, Navaneeth Premkumar, and Brian A. Lail, "Wide-band circular polarized cross bowtie antenna in LWIR," Proc. SPIE 10624, Infrared Technology and Applications XLIV, 1062416 (Presented at SPIE Defense + Security: April 18, 2018; Published: 23 May 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2303905.
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