Optical metasurfaces, two-dimensional counterparts of the metamaterials, are comprised of arrays of subwavelength engineered inclusions that can locally modify optical field and light–matter interactions, thus offering fascinating possibilities to realize unprecedented photonic phenomena. Here, a micro-structured optical coating or a hybrid multilayer structure is proposed. It is easy to achieve phase control over 2π by changing the geometric parameter, which is used to design gradient metasurface exhibiting anomalous reflection for linearly polarized light (1μm). By arranging the arrays elaborately, the efficiency can reach as high as 93.6%. Besides, reflective metalens taking advantage of the Pancharatnam-Berry phase is demonstrated. The electric field distribution unambiguously indicates that the metalens can focus the plane wave with high efficiency (60.3%). Such structure may find various potential applications in nanophotonics because of their high freedom to design metasurfaces.
Tao He, Zhanyi Zhang, Jinlong Zhang, Zhanshan Wang, and Xinbin Cheng, "Micro-structured optical coatings: periodic-array enhanced functionalities," Proc. SPIE 10627, Advanced Optics for Defense Applications: UV through LWIR III, 106270L (Presented at SPIE Defense + Security: April 16, 2018; Published: 8 May 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2302990.
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