In the current global positioning system (GPS), the reliability of information transmissions can be enhanced with the aid of inter-satellite links (ISLs) or crosslinks between satellites. Instead of only using conventional radio frequency (RF) crosslinks, the laser crosslinks provide an option to significantly increase the data throughput. The connectivity and robustness of ISL are needed for analysis, especially for GPS constellations with laser crosslinks. In this paper, we first propose a hybrid GPS communication architecture in which uplinks and downlinks are established via RF signals and crosslinks are established via laser links. Then, we design an optical crosslink assignment criteria considering the practical optical communication factors such as optical line- of-sight (LOS) range, link distance, and angular velocity, etc. After that, to further improve the rationality of establishing crosslinks, a topology control algorithm is formulated to optimize GPS crosslink networks at both physical and network layers. The RF transmission features for uplink and downlink and optical transmission features for crosslinks are taken into account as constraints for the optimization problem. Finally, the proposed link establishment criteria are implemented for GPS communication with optical crosslinks. The designs of this paper provide a potential crosslink establishment and topology control algorithm for the next generation GPS.
Lun Li, Sixiao Wei, Xin Tian, Li-Tse Hsien, Zhijiang Chen, Khanh Pham, James Lyke, and Genshe Chen, "Link establishment criterion and topology optimization for hybrid GPS satellite communications with laser crosslinks," Proc. SPIE 10641, Sensors and Systems for Space Applications XI, 106410I (Presented at SPIE Defense + Security: April 16, 2018; Published: 8 May 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2305245.
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