The Subaru Telescope primary mirror was recoated with Aluminum on October 20, 2017. It was the eighth coating work from its arrival at Maunakea, Hawaii in 1998 and was about four years from the previous recoating. Before the recoating work, the reflectivity measured with the spectrophotometer was 70~76 % (@400 nm), 75~80 % (@600 nm), and 73~78 % (@800 nm). The large dispersion of the reflectivity is from non-uniform contamination of the surface, especially from the accumulation of dust particles on the mirror.
After the fresh coating of Aluminum, the values returned to 92.1 % (@400 nm), 90.5 % (@600 nm), and 85.8 % (@800 nm) with standard deviation less than 0.6 %. There were the data taken at the outside of the vacuum chamber right after the recoating.
The great advantage of our spectrophotometer is its capability of getting absolute spectroscopic reflectivity of the primary mirror in-situ. We can continue to monitor the reflectivity of the primary mirror in-situ using this spectrophotometer, even after the primary mirror is mounted on the telescope. This helps us better understanding of the long-term reflectivity degradation.