It was recently reported that THz emission can be realized in ferromagnetic (FM) /non-FM bilayers via dynamical spin-to charge conversion originating from interfacial spin-orbit coupling or inverted spin-Hall effect (ISHE) [1-3]. We will present our results of THz emission provided by optimized grownth bilayers composed of a high-spin orbit material (Pt, Au :W) in contact with a thin ferromagnetic layer Co/Pt, NiFe/Au:W, NiFe/Au:Ta. Those bilayers are used in experiments combining RF-spin pumping and spin-to-charge conversion by ISHE [4-5]. In comparaison with Co/Pt systems, in NiFe/Au:Ta and NiFe/Au:W bilayers provide a smaller signal even though the spin Hall angles for Au:Ta and Au:W are larger than for Pt . This is mainly due to their smaller spin-mixing conductance in comparaison with Co/Pt. We will discuss the role of the generalized spin-mixing conductance on the spin-transport properties and spin-orbit torques involved in the time-dependent diffusion and relaxation phenomena. We demonstrate that the THz signals strongly depend on the spin Hall angle of non-FM metal, spin diffusion length, and spin-mixing conductance. In the structures with large spin-mixing conductance and spin length diffusion, e.g., Co/Pt, the THz signal is comparable to ZnTe signal. It should be a rapid method to know the characteristic of spintronics samples. We have also studied in the static regime the unconventional Anomalous Hall effect (AHE) of Pt/[CoNi]_N multilayers showing up a characteristic AHE spin-inversion from Pt to Au:W samples by proximity effect. We analyze our results in the series of samples: the exact conductivity profile across the multilayers via the 'extended' Camley-Barnas approach  and the spin current profile generated by SHE. The values of spin Hall angles in layers are found: -0.2 for Pt (enhanced compared to CPP geometry)In [Co,Ni]N/Pt sample, we show that the transverse current changes from negative (N<20) to positive (N>20) values.
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Henri Jaffrès, Thi-Huong Dang, Quentin Barbedienne, Jean-Marie George, Nicolas Reyren, Sophie Collin, Paolo Bortolotti, Hanond Nong, Jerome Tignon, Sukhdeep Dhillon, Laurent Divay, Laurent Vila, and Paul Noël, "Spin-Hall effects and unconventional anomalous Hall effects in transition-metal based metallic spintronic multilayers for THz emission (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 10732, Spintronics XI, 107323K (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 23, 2018; Published: 18 September 2018); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2320090.5836439003001.
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