Low reliability and high maintenance cost of using power and data cables are two main reasons motivating the application of the self-powered wireless sensors for structural health monitoring (SHM) systems in bridge structures. On the other hand, energy harvesting systems have been introduced as a solution for the current limitations of the batterypowered wireless sensors associated with the finite life-span of batteries and their replacements. The objective in this paper is to propose a new optimized nonlinear energy harvesting concept, namely Bistable Energy Harvesting (BEH) system, for smart SHM of bridge structures. In this study, a dynamic analysis of the energy harvesting system for cablesupported bridges subject to wind-induced vibration is carried out and the feasibility of the energy harvesting device is investigated. This paper presents efficient linear and nonlinear energy harvesting systems for wireless monitoring of long-span cable-supported bridges. It is shown that level of the extracted energy from such energy harvesting system is quite sufficient to supply energy for self-powered sensors of a bridge health monitoring system. This study is to promote the recent line of research on self-powered sensor networks for smart bridge monitoring being performed at the Florida International University.
Saman Farhangdoust, Armin Mehrabi, and Davood Younesian, "Bistable wind-induced vibration energy harvester for self-powered wireless sensors in smart bridge monitoring systems," Proc. SPIE 10971, Nondestructive Characterization and Monitoring of Advanced Materials, Aerospace, Civil Infrastructure, and Transportation XIII, 109710C (Presented at SPIE Smart Structures + Nondestructive Evaluation: March 04, 2019; Published: 1 April 2019); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2517424.
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