The Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) has been maintained its nominal operations since it was launched in December 1999 on Terra and May 2002 on Aqua spacecraft, respectively. MODIS is a scanning radiometer with a two-sided mirror that scans the Earth over an angular range from -55° to +55° off nadir and covers a wavelength range from 0.4 to 14.4 μm in 36 spectral bands. The sensitivity to polarization was fully characterized during prelaunch characterization for each reflective solar band (RSB), detector and mirror side as a function of scan angle. It was observed that while on-orbit polarization sensitivity for Aqua MODIS has been stable over the course of mission, the Terra MODIS polarization sensitivity at a few short wavelengths showed a significant increase near the end of scan angle after a few years in the mission. Our previous study examined the impact of polarization on the measured top-of-atmosphere reflectances obtained over the pseudo-invariant desert sites. There are up to 25% change in gain and 30% seasonal variation in select Terra RSBs due to the increase in polarization sensitivity. In this study, we examine relative changes in the polarization sensitivity of detectors within a band. Results from prelaunch tests indicate that there is a noticeable detector dependent polarization sensitivity and it is expected that such a dependency could change on orbit, particularly for Terra MODIS. Results of this study provide useful information on polarization impact and implementation of the correction algorithm.
A. Wu and X. Xiong, "Assessment of MODIS on-orbit polarization impact on detector relative calibration," Proc. SPIE 11530, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XXIV, 115301B (Presented at SPIE Remote Sensing: September 23, 2020; Published: 20 September 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2573018.
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