Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA) is the capital city of Thailand. In recent years, city surface has been changed greatly by rapid urbanization. Many green spaces in the urban area are destroyed and replaced with the commercial area. It can have effect on the climate and weather that could lead to the Urban Heat Island (UHI). This research analyzes the correlation between Urban Green Spaces (UGS) and Land Surface Temperature (LST) using quantitative remote sensing technology in BMA. More than five years of Landsat-5 TM and Landsat-8 images are used to study urban temperature. The LST, UGS and their correlation of whole area of BMA are analyzed. The LST is retrieved from mono-window algorithm, which used only one thermal band. Several indices of UGS, including the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and measurement of vegetation cover percentage are also used to study on UGS. The result showed that from 2008 to 2018 LST is increased while UGS is decreased. In addition, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient is used to analyze the linear correlation between UGS and LST. The correlation between LST and NDVI indicates the negative correlation. The average correlation coefficient is -0.44. That can imply that the higher vegetated area, the LST was lower. To get more detail relationship between LST and UGS, three typical regional areas are selected to study. LST contour is used to analyze LST and HERCULES system is used to classify land cover. The result showed that firstly, the density of tree affect LST. Secondly, the location of the public park is important. Thirdly, water bodies help to decrease LST. The results of this study have key implications for BMA sustainable urban planning and development; to mitigate UHI effects it is important to not only increase canopy cover or the size of UGS, but also to optimize their spatial configuration.
Fareda Itiritipha, Falin Wu, Byambakhuu Gantumur, and Otgonbayar Lkhagva, "Analysis of urban green spaces and surface temperature using quantitative remote sensing technology in Bangkok," Proc. SPIE 11535, Remote Sensing Technologies and Applications in Urban Environments V, 1153505 (Presented at SPIE Remote Sensing: September 21, 2020; Published: 20 September 2020); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2573921.
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