Stochastic thermodynamics [1,2] is a recently developed framework to deal with the thermodynamics at the microscope, where thermal fluctuations strongly influence their behaviour. Typical such systems are colloids and biomolecules or cells. These thermal fluctuations do not only lead to Brownian motion, but to a continuous and unavoidable heat exchange between the suspending medium and the particles, leading to a very interesting phenomenology. In order to explore such phenomenology and to test theoretical results obtained from stochastic thermodynamics, we developed an “experimental simulator” of thermodynamic devices in the microscale with an optically trapped bead that is subject to an external noise that mimics a controllable thermal bath. The noise is applied by means of electric fields acting on the charge of the trapped particle.
In this talk, I will present some of the results we obtained with this simulator, demonstrating excellent control over the effective temperature of the system and a control parameter. This allows us to perform a variety of equilibrium and non-equilibrium thermodynamic processes [3-5]. In particular, we were able to realize microadiabatic processes, where no heat is exchanged on average between the particle and the medium . This achievement allowed us to implement a Carnot microengine as a concatenation of isothermal and adiabatic processes , whose theoretical study is playing a key role in the foundations of stochastic thermodynamics.
 K Sekimoto; Lecture Notes in Physics (Springer, Berlin, 2010), Vol. 799.
 U Seifert; Rep. Prog. Phys. 75 (2012) 126001
 IA Martínez, E Roldan, JMR Parrondo, D Petrov; Phys. Rev. E 87 (2013) 032159
 É Roldán, IA Martínez, L Dinis, RA Rica; Appl. Phys. Lett. 104 (2014) 234103
 P Mestres, IA Martinez, A Ortiz-Ambriz, RA Rica, E Roldan; Phys. Rev. E 90 (2014) 032116
 IA Martínez, E Roldan, L Dinis, D Petrov, RA Rica; Phys. Rev. Lett. (2015) In press
 IA Martinez, E Roldan, L Dinis, D Petrov, JMR Parrondo, RA Rica; (2015) arXiv preprint: 1412.1282
Ignacio A. Martinez, Édgar Roldán, Luis Dinis, Pau Mestres, Juan M. R. Parrondo, and Raúl A. Rica, "Stochastic thermodynamics with a Brownian particle in an optical trap (Presentation Recording)," Proc. SPIE 9548, Optical Trapping and Optical Micromanipulation XII, 954816 (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 11, 2015; Published: 5 October 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2191497.4519370469001.
Conference Presentations are recordings of oral presentations given at SPIE conferences and published as part of the proceedings. They include the speaker's narration with video of the slides and animations. Most include full-text papers. Interactive, searchable transcripts and closed captioning are now available for most presentations.
Search our growing collection of more than 29,500 conference presentations, including many plenaries and keynotes.