Near-infrared optical coherence tomography (OCT) has gained a lot of attention due to the fact that it is relatively cheap, non-invasive and provides high resolution and fast method of imaging. However the main challenge of this technique is the poor signal to noise ratio of the images of the tissue at large depths due to optical scattering. The signal to noise ratio can be improved by increasing the source power, however the laser safety standards (ANSI Z136.1) restricts the maximum amount of power that can be used safely to characterize the biological tissue. In this talk, we discuss the advantage of implanting a micro-lens inside the tissue to have a higher signal to noise ratio for confocal and OCT measurements. We explain the theoretical background, experimental setup and the method of implanting the micro lens at arbitrary depths within a live mouse brain. The in-vivo 3D OCT and two-photon microscopy images of live mouse with implanted micro-lens are presented and significant enhancement of signal to noise ratio is observed. The confocal and OCT measurements have been performed with super-luminescent LEDs emitting at 1300 nm. We believe that the high resolution and high sensitivity of this technique is of fundamental importance for characterization of neural activity, monitoring the hemodynamic responses, tumors and for performing image guided surgeries.
Iman Hassani Nia, Daniel Dombeck, and Hooman Mohseni, "Enhanced in-vivo optical coherence tomography of live mouse brain by the use of implanted micro-lens (Presentation Recording)," Proc. SPIE 9550, Biosensing and Nanomedicine VIII, 955005 (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 09, 2015; Published: 5 October 2015); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2187642.4519370523001.
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