We present a new method for 2.5 and 3 vector component velocimetry. We call this method particle streak velocimetry OCT (PSV-OCT). PSV-OCT generates two-dimensional, 2.5 vector component (v_x,|v_y|,v_z) cross-sectional maps of microscale flow velocity (e.g. biological cilia-driven fluid flow). The enabling insight is that a tracer particle in sparsely-seeded fluid flow traces out streaks in (x,z,t)-space. The streak orientations in x-t and z-t yield v_x and v_z, respectively. The in-plane (x-z plane) residence time yields the out-of-plane speed |v_y|. Vector component values are generated by fitting streaks to a model of image formation. We demonstrate cross-sectional estimation of (v_x,|v_y|,v_z) in two important animal models in ciliary biology: Xenopus embryos (tadpoles) and mouse trachea. Further, by incorporation the assumption of incompressible flow into the estimation process, we are able to generate 3 vector component (v_x,v_y,v_z) estimates in three spatial dimensions from 2.5 vector component measurements taken in parallel OCT planes in 3D space.
Kevin C. Zhou, Brendan K. Huang, Ute A. Gamm, Vineet Bhandari M.D., Mustafa K. Khokha, and Michael A. Choma M.D., "Particle streak velocimetry-OCT (PSV-OCT): a novel method for multi-vector component velocimetry of microscale flow physiology
(Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 9697, Optical Coherence Tomography and Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedicine XX, 96970F (Presented at SPIE BiOS: February 15, 2016; Published: 26 April 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2214794.4848328231001.
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