Most analytical methods for describing light propagation in turbid medium exhibit low effectiveness in the near-field of a collimated source. Motivated by the Charge Simulation Method in electromagnetic theory as well as the established discrete source based modeling, we have reported on an improved explicit model, referred to as "Virtual Source" (VS) diffuse approximation (DA), to inherit the mathematical simplicity of the DA while considerably extend its validity in modeling the near-field photon migration in low-albedo medium. In this model, the collimated light in the standard DA is analogously approximated as multiple isotropic point sources (VS) distributed along the incident direction. For performance enhancement, a fitting procedure between the calculated and realistic reflectances is adopted in the nearfield to optimize the VS parameters (intensities and locations). To be practically applicable, an explicit 2VS-DA model is established based on close-form derivations of the VS parameters for the typical ranges of the optical parameters. The proposed VS-DA model is validated by comparing with the Monte Carlo simulations, and further introduced in the image reconstruction of the Laminar Optical Tomography system.
Mengyu Jia, Shuang Wang, Xueying Chen, Feng Gao, and Huijuan Zhao, "Parameterized source term in the diffusion approximation for enhanced near-field modeling of collimated light," Proc. SPIE 9706, Optical Interactions with Tissue and Cells XXVII, 97061F (Presented at SPIE BiOS: February 17, 2016; Published: 7 March 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2214722.
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