Demanding applications such as video streaming, social networking, or web search relay on a large network of data centres, interconnected through optical links. The ever-growing data rates and power consumption inside these data centres are pushing copper links close to their fundamental limits. Optical interconnects are being extensively studied with the purpose of solving these limitations. Among the different possible technology platforms, silicon photonics, due to its compatibility with the CMOS platform, has become one of the preferred solutions for the development of the future generation photonic interconnects. However, the on-chip integration of all photonic and optoelectronic building blocks (sources, modulators and detectors…) is very complex and is not cost-effective due to the various materials involved (Ge for detection, doped Si for modulators and III-V for lasing). Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are nanomaterials of great interest in photonics thanks to their fundamental optical properties, including near-IR room-temperature foto- and electro- luminescence, Stark effect, Kerr effect and absorption. In consequence, CNTs have the ability to emit, modulate and detect light in the telecommunications wavelength range. Furthermore, they are being extensively developed for new nano-electronics applications.
In this work, we propose to use CNTs as active material integrated into silicon photonics for the development of all optoelectronic devices. Here, we report on the development of new integration schemes to couple the light emission from CNTs into optical resonators implemented on the silicon-on-insulator and silicon-nitride-on-insulator platforms. A theoretical and experimental analysis of the light interaction of CNTs with micro-ring resonators based on strip and slot waveguides and slot photonic crystal heterostructure cavities were carried out.
Elena Durán-Valdeiglesias, Weiwei Zhang, Thi Hong Cam Hoang, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Samuel Serna, Xavier Le Roux, Eric Cassan, Matteo Balestrieri, Al-Saleh Keita, Francesco Sarti, Francesco Biccari, Ughetta Torrini, Anna Vinattieri, Hongliu Yang, Viktor Bezugly, Gianaurelio Cuniberti, Arianna Filoramo, Massimo Gurioli, and Laurent Vivien, "Integration of carbon nanotubes in slot waveguides (Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 9891, Silicon Photonics and Photonic Integrated Circuits V, 98910Q (Presented at SPIE Photonics Europe: April 05, 2016; Published: 27 July 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2229347.5042210240001.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon