Spin-charge conversion induced by spin-orbit coupling (SOC) is attractive topic for alternative magnetization manipulation and involved various novel phenomena. Particularly Bi-based structure draws interest due to its large Rashba-Edelstein effect (REE) at interface between non-magnetic metal and Bi . A recent report showed that spin-to-charge current conversion becomes more efficient when Bi2O3 is employed on behalf of the Bi . Here we report novel type of magnetoresistance (MR) in Co25Fe75/Cu/Bi2O3 multilayer. This novel MR comes from conversion between spin and charge current at Cu/Bi2O3 interface, and distinctive spin transfer torque dependent on magnetization of the ferromagnetic Co25Fe75 layer.
A Co25Fe75 (5)/Cu (0-30)/Bi2O3 (20) (unit:nm) multilayer was deposited with electron beam evaporation on shadow masked Si substrate. Hall bar shaped shadow mask was patterned with photo-lithography method. The MR measurement was performed via 4-point probe method with changing magnitude or angle of external field. Note that external field for angle dependent measurement was 6 T to make sure complete saturation of ferromagnetic layer. We found characteristic resistance drop when the magnetization of ferromagnetic layer is parallel to magnetic direction of spin accumulation, which is similar to spin Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) [3,4]. Further discussion will be given.
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Junyeon Kim, Shutaro Karube, Yan-Ting Chen, Kouta Kondou, Gen Tatara, and YoshiChika Otani, "Magnetoresistance in ferromagnetic multilayer with strong interfacial spin-orbit coupling
(Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 9931, Spintronics IX, 99310A (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 28, 2016; Published: 4 November 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236170.5167075270001.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon