Spintronic phenomena are made possible via the diffusion of spin-currents or the generation of spin-accumulation. Spinorbitronics uses the electronic spin-orbit coupling (SOC) and emerges as a new route to create spin-currents in the transverse direction of the charge flow. This is made possible via the intrinsic spin Hall conduction (SHE) of heavy metals or extrinsic spin-Hall effect of metallic alloys. SHE borrows its concept from the anomalous Hall effect (AHE) where the relativistic spin-orbit coupling (SOC) promotes an asymmetric deflection of the spin-current. SHE is now at the base of magnetization commutation and domain wall moving via spin-orbit torque (SOT) and spin-transfer torque operations in the FMR regime. However, the exact anatomy of SOT at spin-orbit active interfaces like Co/Pt is still missing. In the case of Pt, recent studies have put forward the major role played by i) the spin-memory loss (SML) and the electronic transparency at 3d/5d interfaces and ii) the inhomogeneity of the conductivity in the current-in-plane (CIP) geometry to explain the discrepancy in the SHE. Ingredients to consider then are the profiles of both the conductivity and spin-current across the multilayers and spin-transmission. In this talk, we will present robust SMR measurements observed on NiCo/Pt multilayer stacks characterized by a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA). The SMR occurs for both in-plane magnetization rotation or from nominal out-of-plane to the in-plane direction transverse to the current flow. This clearly departs from standard AMR or pure interfacial anisotropic-AMR symmetries. We analyze in large details our SMR signals for the whole series of samples owing to two main guidelines: i) we consider the exact conductivity profile across the multilayers, in particular near the Co/Pt interface, via the Camley-Barnas approach and ii) we derive the spin current profile generated by SHE along the perpendicular direction responsible for SMR. We consider pure interfacial spin dissipation by SML (decoherence, interfacial enhanced scattering) and give out a general analytical expression for SMR. Our conclusions go towards a robust value of the spin-Hall conductivity and SML like previously published. The CIP spin-Hall angle, of the order of 0.10 is larger than the one found in spin-pumping experiments (CPP geometry) owing to the smaller conductivity at the Co/Pt interface, in agreement with the results of STT-FMR experiments.
Henri Jaffres, Jean-Marie George, Piotr Laczowski, Nicolas Reyren, and Laurent Vila, "Spin-pumping and spin-Hall magnetoresistance (SMR) at transition metal interfaces: case of (Co/Pt)
(Conference Presentation)," Proc. SPIE 9931, Spintronics IX, 99310U (Presented at SPIE Nanoscience + Engineering: August 28, 2016; Published: 4 November 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2238698.5166910694001.
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