From Event: SPIE Optics + Photonics for Sustainable Energy, 2016
In this work a spectrum splitting micro-scale concentrating PV system is evaluated to increase the conversion efficiency of flat panel PV systems. In this approach, the dispersed spectrum splitting concentration systems is scaled down to a small size and structured in an array. The spectrum splitting configuration allows the use of separate single bandgap PV cells that increase spectral overlap with the incident solar spectrum. This results in an overall increase in the spectral conversion efficiency of the resulting system. In addition other benefits of the micro-scale PV system are retained such reduced PV cell material requirements, more versatile interconnect configurations, and lower heat rejection requirements that can lead to a lower cost system. The system proposed in this work consists of two cascaded off-axis holograms in combination with a micro lens array, and three types of PV cells. An aspherical lens design is made to minimize the dispersion so that higher concentration ratios can be achieved for a three-junction system. An analysis methodology is also developed to determine the optical efficiency of the resulting system, the characteristics of the dispersed spectrum, and the overall system conversion efficiency for a combination of three types of PV cells.
Yuechen Wu, Shelby Vorndran, Silvana Ayala Pelaez, and Raymond K. Kostuk, "Three junction holographic micro-scale PV system," Proc. SPIE 9937, Next Generation Technologies for Solar Energy Conversion VII, 99370M (Presented at SPIE Optics + Photonics for Sustainable Energy: August 31, 2016; Published: 23 September 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2237004.
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Study of self-shadowing effect as a simple means to realize nanostructured thin films and layers with special attentions to birefringent obliquely deposited thin films and photo-luminescent porous silicon