From Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2016
In this paper a new detection algorithm is proposed and developed for detecting space objects from images obtained using a ground-based telescope with the goal to improve space situational awareness. Most current space object detection algorithms rely on developing a likelihood ratio test (LRT) for the observed data based on a binary hypothesis test. These algorithms are based on the assumption that the observed data is Gaussian or Poisson distributed under both the hypothesis that a low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) space object is present in the data and the hypothesis that an object is absent from the data. The LRT algorithm in this paper was developed based on the assumption that the distribution of the Fourier transform of the observed data will be different when a low SNR object is present in the data compared to when the data only contains background noise and known space objects. When an object is present the probability distribution of the real component of the Fourier transform of the intensity was found to follow a Gaussian distribution with a mean significantly different than in the data that doesn’t contain an object even at low SNR levels. As the separation of these two probability distribution functions increases, it becomes more likely that an object can be detected. In this paper, simulated data are used to demonstrate the effectiveness and to highlight the benefits gained from this algorithm.
David J. Becker and Stephen C. Cain, "Improving space object detection using a Fourier likelihood ratio detection algorithm," Proc. SPIE 9982, Unconventional Imaging and Wavefront Sensing XII, 99820L (Presented at SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications: September 01, 2016; Published: 20 September 2016); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2236992.
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