1 June 1966 Optimization Of Light Sources For Underwater Illumination
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 0007, Underwater Photo Optics I; (1966) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.971018
Event: Underwater Photo-Optical Instrumentation Applications, 1966, Santa Barbara, United States
The severe attenuation and scattering properties of water necessitate the use of artificial illumination in many underwater viewing and photographic situations. This has been of increasing importance in recent years as men descend deeper into the oceans where natural light is nonexistent. These same properties also impose severe limitations on the use of artificial light in water. In addition to these optical properties, constraints are also imposed by the physical properties of water, particularely pressure. There are, however, elements of control that can be exercised in the design and application of underwater light sources, which will permit some degree of optimization. A few principlesof under-water illumination have been evolved which can be applied to optimize artificial illumination for a variety of applications.
© (1966) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
G. L. Hatchett, G. L. Hatchett, } "Optimization Of Light Sources For Underwater Illumination", Proc. SPIE 0007, Underwater Photo Optics I, (1 June 1966); doi: 10.1117/12.971018; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.971018

Back to Top