Kingdon Kerr McDonnell Douglas Corp. (United States) Edward Mangold Martin-Marietta (United States) James Wray Northwestern University (United States) Eugene B. Turner The Aerospace Corp. (United States)
DR. MANGOLD: Dr. Mangold considered the problems of two broad categories of space optical systems -- earth resources and astronomical observations. The large amount of data collected by these satellites favor the screening of the data on board the satellites, and he suggested the use of astronaut scientists to maintain the equipment and evaluate the data in orbit. Because of the high cost of data collection there is a need for operational efficiency. There should be at least two types of astronauts, the technician or engineer who can maintain and repair the equipment, and the scientist who can evaluate the data. With the use of communications satellites of greatly increased band-width in ten years or so, all the data could be telemetered to the ground so that the scientist who would evaluate the data could be located on the ground rather than in space. Dr. Mangold recommended flexibility in instruments and programs so that the scientist astronaut could reorient the mission if necessary.
Eugene B. Turner,
"Operation Of Optical Instrumentation In Space", Proc. SPIE 0019, Space Optics I, (24 March 1970); doi: 10.1117/12.946853; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.946853