21 July 1976 Application Of High Power Lasers To Problems In The Nuclear Fuel Cycle
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Proceedings Volume 0076, Ultra High Power Lasers for Practicable Applications; (1976) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.954767
Event: 1976 SPIE/SPSE Technical Symposium East, 1976, Reston, United States
Abstract
The need for expanded sources of energy in the immediate future is of worldwide concern, and in the near term, nuclear energy is one of the few methods having the proven capability of fulfulling these needs. A brief review of existing projections of national energy demand and the resulting requirements for expanded uranium enrichment capacity, coupled with a comparison of the economics of providing this addtional enrichment capacity [by methods of gaseous diffusion, centrifugation and laser isotope separation (LIS)], in-dicates potential savings of billions of dollars between now and the year 2000 if LIS performs as predicted. Laser methods also appear to offer solutions in the equally important fuel cycle problem areas of deuterium enrichment and nuclear fuel reprocessing. We have reviewed recent experimental LIS results obtained using the methods of single- and multiple-photon dissociation and laser-induced chemical reaction employing a single laser. Also discussed are recent experiments on several- and multiple-photon methods that employed more than one laser wavelength. For each of these processes, methods are given for estimating the minimum laser requirements. Also discussed are the projected it and uv laser requirements to proceed from scientific proof-of-principle, through medium-size scaling experi-ments, to the full-sized uranium enrichment plant for a two-step photodissociation process currently under investigation in our laboratory.
© (1976) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
J. H. Birely, D. C. Cartwright, J. G. Marinuzzi, "Application Of High Power Lasers To Problems In The Nuclear Fuel Cycle", Proc. SPIE 0076, Ultra High Power Lasers for Practicable Applications, (21 July 1976); doi: 10.1117/12.954767; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.954767
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