29 December 1977 The Other Role Of Vergence Eye Movements
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Abstract
The role of eye-movements in stereoscopic perception of space, other than that of bi-foveal fixation of the object of regard, is discussed. First, it is shown that global fusion and bi-foveal fixation are demonstrably different responses; in pursuit of global fusion, the angle of convergence may be so changing as to shift the intersection of the two visual axes towards a point in space where no object is to be found. Second, a highly accurate change of vergence in tracking an object moving in depth does not, in itself, produce perception of object motion; a certain critical change in vergence must be required, to initiate perceived motion. This "program newness", expressed in terms of a fast retinal image displacement producing a step in retinal disparity, equals, at least, 2 min arc per 0.1 sec of vergence reaction time. A hypothesis is advanced, in the general framework of prediction-oriented theories of perception, to interpret vergence eye-movements as also a means of neutralization of the input "unwanted" by the visual system.
© (1977) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Alexander I. Cogan, Alexander I. Cogan, } "The Other Role Of Vergence Eye Movements", Proc. SPIE 0120, Three-Dimensional Imaging, (29 December 1977); doi: 10.1117/12.955752; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.955752
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