27 December 1977 Detectability In The Presence Of Computed Tomographic Reconstruction Noise
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Proceedings Volume 0127, Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine VI; (1977) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.955954
Event: Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine VI, 1977, Boston, United States
Abstract
If the standard filtered backprojection algorithm with a filter of the form g(f) = |f|h(f) is applied to noisy projections, all of which have a noise power spectral density (NPSD), Sproj(f), then the resulting computed tomographic (CT) reconstruction has a two dimensional NPSD of the form, S(f) ~ |f||h(f)|2 Sproj(f). For proper reconstruction, h(f) must approach a non-zero constant as f 0. Provided Sproj(f) is constant, i.e. white projection noise, the CT noise at low frequencies is supprbssbd by the |f| factor. This low frequency suppression results in a long range negative spatial correlation of the CT noise. If white noise is spatially averaged over a circle of diameter d, then the variance in the averaged values will behave as a2 ~ d-2. For CT noise the variance drops faster than d-2. Simple signal-to-noise ratio considerations suggest that the dependence of minimum detectable contrast upon the diameter of the circle to be detected could be significantly differ-ent in the presence of CT noise than in that of white noise. Simulated reconstructions of a suitable detectability pattern demonstrate these differences may not exist unless the image is spatially smoothed before observation. It is pointed out that the pixel width used in the image display should be from 1/3 to 1/2 the width of the point spread function in order to avoid discrete binning problems.
© (1977) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Kenneth M. Hanson, Kenneth M. Hanson, } "Detectability In The Presence Of Computed Tomographic Reconstruction Noise", Proc. SPIE 0127, Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine VI, (27 December 1977); doi: 10.1117/12.955954; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.955954
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