Wavefront sensing is a critical function of any active optical system, and the sensor of choice depends quite critically on the application. The various sensors available are surveyed, and comparisons are developed in several operating scenarios.
John W. Hardy,
Richard H. Hudgin,
"A Comparison Of Wavefront Sensing Systems", Proc. SPIE 0141, Adaptive Optical Components I, (8 August 1978); doi: 10.1117/12.956514; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.956514