9 January 1979 Photometric Stereo: A Reflectance Map Technique For Determining Surface Orientation From Image Intensity
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Abstract
This paper introduces a novel technique called photometric stereo. The idea of photometric stereo is to vary the direction of the incident illumination between successive views while holding the viewing direction constant. This provides enough information to determine surface orientation at each picture element. Traditional stereo techniques determine range by relating two images of an object viewed from different directions. If the correspondence between picture elements is known, then distance to the object can be calculated by triangulation. Unfortunately, it is difficult to determine this correspondence. In photometric stereo, the imaging geometry does not change. Therefore, the correspondence between picture elements is known a priori. This stereo technique is photometric because it uses the intensity values recorded at a single picture element, in successive views, rather than the relative positions of features.
© (1979) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert J. Woodham, "Photometric Stereo: A Reflectance Map Technique For Determining Surface Orientation From Image Intensity", Proc. SPIE 0155, Image Understanding Systems and Industrial Applications I, (9 January 1979); doi: 10.1117/12.956740; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.956740
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