A 1-meter, high-resolution, wide field-of-view telescope (Starlab) to be used on board the Space Shuttle is described. The objective of Starlab is to obtain optical astronomical observations in the ultraviolet (UV) portion of the spectrum. Scientific investigations will be conducted that require high-resolution wide-field imaging, far-ultraviolet spectroscopy, precise spectrophotometry and polarimetry, and synoptic planetary observations. The facility will provide scientific flexibility by permitting the use of photographic film and by readily accommodating a wide range of focal-plane instrumentation that can be supplied by a variety of observational groups. The Starlab uses an f/15-modified Ritchey-Chretien telescope, followed by an instrument selector that gives access to the conventional Cassegrain focus or, by inserting a diagonal mirror, to a radial focal plane. The results of five critical subsystem-design studies reveal the feasibility of using state-of-the-art design practices in meeting the Starlab science and engineering requirements.