24 January 1980 Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition-Applications In Materials Processing
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Abstract
Laser chemical vapor deposition (LCVD) uses a focused laser beam to locally heat the substrate and drive the CVD deposition reaction. Several different deposition reactions and substrates have been examined as a function of intensity and irradiation time using a CO2 laser source: Ni on SiO2, TiO2 on SiO2, TiC on SiO2, and TiC/on stainless steel. LCVD film thicknesses range from <100Å to >20μm. Deposition rates of mm/min have been observed for LCVD Ni and TiC and 20 iim/min for LCVD TiO2. The diameter of the deposited films is dependent on irradiation conditions and can be as small as 0.10 the laser beam diameter. The LCVD films exhibit excellent physical properties such as adherence, conductivity, hardness and smoothness. The advantages of LCVD are the same as other laser processing techniques, i.e., control of area and depth heated, rapid heating and cooling, and cleanliness. Possible applications of this technique include: formation of ohmic contacts and localized protective coatings in semiconductor devices; localized coatings and dopants for waveguide optics; surface hardening and alloying of machine surfaces; welding of ceramic materials; and generation of new materials.
© (1980) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
S. D. Allen, "Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition-Applications In Materials Processing", Proc. SPIE 0198, Laser Applications in Materials Processing, (24 January 1980); doi: 10.1117/12.958020; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.958020
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