A tutorial review of refractive index, absorption, birefringence, the electro-optic effect and the photoelastic effect in crystalline materials is presented. Tensorial relationships are presented and related to the symmetry classes of crystals.
Roy M. Waxler,
"Properties Of Crystalline Materials For Optics", Proc. SPIE 0204, Physical Properties of Optical Materials, (27 February 1980); doi: 10.1117/12.958148; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.958148