Frankford Arsenal was a pioneer in the development and application of flash radiography of ballistic phenomena. Frankford Arsenal first began using the Westinghouse Micronex flash X-ray system in 1941, and converted to Field Emission Corporation (now Hewlett-Packard) flash X-ray equipment in the early 1960's. When Frankford Arsenal closed in 1977, its missions and equipment were transferred to U.S. Army Armament Research and Development Command. The flash X-ray studies performed at Frankford Arsenal are now being continued at the ARRADCOM Test Site, Fort Dix, New Jersey as well as at ARRADCOM Headquarters, Dover, New Jersey. These studies are concerned with investigations of small caliber ammunition and weapons, and reduced scale models of large caliber projectiles. The important feature of flash X-rays in ballistics research and development is that high speed radiographs provide qualitative and quantitative information which frequently cannot be obtained by any other means or which can be obtained more easily and inexpensively by this technique. This paper describes some of the experimental applications of high speed radiography in obtaining data on various ballistic phenomena such as the determination of projectile penetration of armor plate, and particle size and orientation after penetration.