Two techniques for radar image registration and rectification are presented. In the registration method, a general 2-D polynomial transform is defined to accomplish the geometric mapping from one image into the other. The degree and coefficients of the polynomial are obtained using an a priori found tiepoint data set. In the second part of the paper, a rectification procedure is developed that models the distortion present in the radar image in terms of the radar sensor's platform parameters and the topographic variations of the imaged scene. This model, the ephemeris data and the digital topographic data are then used in rectifying the radar image. The two techniques are then used in registering and rectifying two examples of radar imagery. Each method is discussed as to its benefits, short-comings and registration accuracy.
W. D. Stromberg,
"Radar Image Registration And Rectification", Proc. SPIE 0359, Applications of Digital Image Processing IV, (17 March 1983); doi: 10.1117/12.965964; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.965964