Sol-Gel technology can be used to deposit a wide variety of oxide coatings on substrates such as glass, ceramics or metals. This presentation outlines the fundamentals of the process and the possibilities offered by this technique. Several oxide layers have been prepared in our laboratories including single oxides like SiO2, TiO2, ZrO2, VO2+x, V205, as well as multicomponent systems such as SiO2-Ge02, SiO2-TiO2, SiO2-Y203 and SiO2-TiO2-Al203. The coatings are deposited by dipping the substrate into a solution containing the appropriate organometallic compound with control of the surrounding atmosphere. Subsequent thermal treatments are required to eliminate the volatile solvents, which are physically and chemically absorbed into the oxide layer and to densify the layers. The first thermal treatments are carried out at temperatures up to 150°C. Further treatments up to about 600°C (depending on oxide composition) are necessary to eliminate organic traces and residual moisture as well as to harden further the oxide coating.