Differential absorption lidar techniques for determining basic atmospheric properties to high accuracy are described. The theory of a two-wavelength lidar temperature measurement is given with simulation results that show accuracies of 0.5 to 1 K for measurements from ground-based and satellite platforms. The theory of measurements of the atmospheric pressure profile using absorption troughs, broad regions of nearly uniform absorption, is also described with simulation results that show accuracies of 0.1 to 0.3 percent. Recent measurements which confirm the accuracy of these techniques are reviewed.
C. Laurence Korb,
"Determination Of Atmospheric Properties From Lidar Measurements", Proc. SPIE 0410, Laser Beam Propagation in the Atmosphere, (12 July 1983); doi: 10.1117/12.935751; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.935751