13 December 1983 CO2 Ladar Modulation Trade-Off Studies
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Proceedings Volume 0415, Coherent Infrared Radar Systems and Applications II; (1983) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.935909
Event: 1983 Technical Symposium East, 1983, Arlington, United States
Abstract
A model has been developed for calculating the CO2 ladar heterodyne mixing current for an arbitrary modulation format. Six specific techniques are considered including amplitude (AM/CW), suppressed-carrier amplitude (AM/SC), phase (PM/CW), linear frequency (FM/CW), hybrid linear frequency/suppressed-carrier amplitude (FM/SC), and short pulse (PULSE) modulation. Detailed models of the different modulators and demodulator concepts are included in the analysis. Laser efficiency, signal bandwidth, detection rate, and sensitivity to speckle effects (especially phase jitter) are discussed as they affect range measurement precision and accuracy. Theoretical and preliminary experimental results indicate that a PM/CW ladar has a 3-6 dB advantage in signal-to-noise ratio over the AM-based formats. The results also indicate improved performance for a PULSE ladar compared with CW ladars if sufficient transmitter efficiencies can be achieved, and that the FM/CW and FM/SC formats are relatively unsuited for high-precision or high-accuracy range imaging.
© (1983) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Albert H. Reynolds, "CO2 Ladar Modulation Trade-Off Studies", Proc. SPIE 0415, Coherent Infrared Radar Systems and Applications II, (13 December 1983); doi: 10.1117/12.935909; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.935909
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