31 May 1984 Laser Pyrolysis Techniques: Application To Catalysis, Combustion Diagnostics, And Kinetics
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Proceedings Volume 0458, Applications of Lasers to Industrial Chemistry; (1984) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.939405
Event: 1984 Los Angeles Technical Symposium, 1984, Los Angeles, United States
Abstract
A pulsed laser pyrolysis method has been developed to study kinetic processes at high temperatures. A CO2 laser is used to irradiate a 100 torr mixture of an infrared absorber (SF6), bath gas (N2), and reactants. Rapid heating to 700-1400 K occurs, followed by two-stage cooling. Unimolecular reactions are studied by competitive kinetics with a known standard, using mass-spectrometric or gas-chromatographic analysis. Bimolecular processes are examined using laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). The technique offers great advantages in reaching reactive temperatures in a fast and time-resolved manner, without the complications of hot surfaces. It is thus an ideal tool for analyzing and measuring some of the basic processes occurring in more complicated, real, hot systems. Our recent applications of the laser pyrolysis method in the areas of catalysis and combustion are summarized here. Several transition metal-carbonyl bond dissociation energies have been measured, and catalysis by the hot metal particulate products was observed. Since the use of LIF as a flame diagnotic requires some knowledge of the fluorescence quenching rates at high temperatures, the laser pyrolysis method was used to measure these rates for the important OH radical. Its reaction rate with acetylene was also measured, with implications for flame modeling and the mechanism of soot formation. Finally, this method can be used to ignite low concentrations of fuel and oxidant, and then study the time-resolved evolution of the flame chemistry by LIF and chemiluminescence observations.
© (1984) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gregory P Smith, Gregory P Smith, } "Laser Pyrolysis Techniques: Application To Catalysis, Combustion Diagnostics, And Kinetics", Proc. SPIE 0458, Applications of Lasers to Industrial Chemistry, (31 May 1984); doi: 10.1117/12.939405; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.939405
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