The vertical structure of the atmosphere, which is of invaluable interest to meteorologists, geo-physicists and environmental researchers, can be measured with LIDAR. A method has been proposed and applied to invert lidar signals from vertical soundings to height resolved scattering coefficients. In situ measurements have confirmed the applicability of this lidar technique. A fully computer controlled lidar system allows the study of the dynamic behaviour of the atmospheric mixing layer.
G. J. Kunz,
"Lidar Measured Vertical Atmospheric Scattering Profiles", Proc. SPIE 0492, 1984 European Conf on Optics, Optical Systems, and Applications, (27 March 1985); doi: 10.1117/12.943695; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.943695