A review of present and future trends in single mode optical fiber modulators for systems applications is presented. Among the modulators to be discussed are: PZT Cylinder, PZT Resonators, PVF2 jacketed fiber and Quartz Squeezers. Performance characteristics of the different modulators are summarized and compared. System requirements are also discussed.
R. P. De Paula, R. P. De Paula,
"Review Of "All-Fiber Modulators For Fiber Optic Systems", Proc. SPIE 0514, 2nd Intl Conf on Optical Fiber Sensors: OFS'84, (12 November 1984); doi: 10.1117/12.945099; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.945099