24 October 1985 Applications Of Millimeter Wave Imaging
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Proceedings Volume 0544, Millimeter Wave Technology III; (1985); doi: 10.1117/12.948264
Event: 1985 Technical Symposium East, 1985, Arlington, United States
Abstract
Millimeter waves have the advantage of greater resolution over longer wavelength microwaves, for a given antenna size, while still penetrating clouds and fog to provide near all-weather operation compared to high resolution infrared and optical sensors which are blinded except in clear weather. Millimeter-wave imaging, from aircraft and spacecraft, has been used to provide information on soil moisture, type and porosity; to locate field and vegetation boundaries and snow cover; to define intense fire areas through smoke; to infer the thickness and water content of clouds; to map the location and distribution of weather fronts, convection zones, severe storms, and precipitation; to detect and quantify marine oil spills; to map ocean thermal fronts and measure marine wind speed; to delineate the ice-ocean edge; to locate icebergs, polynas, and leads; to enable optimum transport through the ice pack; to identify and map sea ice type, age, and concentration; and to detect ships, aircraft, and man-made features through adverse weather for various surveillance and targeting applications. The emission, absorption, and transmission of atmospheric constituents and their effects on the choice of observational frequency, along with the general radiative properties of terrain and ocean surfaces, are briefly discussed. Major emphasis is placed on the application of millimeter-wave imaging to the all-weather location and measurement of sea ice properties.
© (1985) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
James P. Hollinger, "Applications Of Millimeter Wave Imaging", Proc. SPIE 0544, Millimeter Wave Technology III, (24 October 1985); doi: 10.1117/12.948264; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.948264
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KEYWORDS
Microwave radiation

Clouds

Photography

Absorption

Extremely high frequency

Millimeter wave imaging

Scattering

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