Opened for commercial operation in 1984, the trial optical fiber network at Biarritz in south-west France gives 1,500 subscribers access to a whole range of broadband services - videophony, audiovisual databases, TV and stereo sound program distribution, and an on-line TV program library - in addition to conventional narrow-band services like telephony and videotex. The Biarritz network is an outstanding technology and engineering testbed. It is also a sociological testing ground for new services, unique in the world, with results of particular relevance to the interactive cable TV and visual communications networks of the future.
A. de Panafieu,
"First Lessons From The Biarritz Trial Network ", Proc. SPIE 0585, Fiber Optic Broadband Networks, (6 July 1986); doi: 10.1117/12.966537; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.966537