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1 May 1986 On-Line Analyzer For Monitoring Trace Amounts Of Oil In Turbid Waters
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Proceedings Volume 0590, Infrared Technology and Applications; (1986) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.951999
Event: 1985 International Technical Symposium/Europe, 1985, Cannes, France
Abstract
This report presents an automated analyzer which continuously monitors oil content of a sample water stream that flows through the analyzer. The measuring principle is based on the absorption of infrared radiation by oil molecules contained in the sample water. The wavelength band that is used in the measurement is at 3.4 μm, where different types of oils show nearly equal absorption. Another wavelength band of 3.6 μm, where oil has no absorption, is used to compensate the effect of turbidity, which is due to solid particles and oil droplets contained in the sample water. Before entering the analyzer the sample water flow is properly homogenized. To compensate the strong absorption by water molecules in these wavelength bands the sample water is compared with reference water. This is done by directing them alternately through the same measuring cell. The reference water is obtained from the sample water by ultrafiltration and it determines the base line for the contaminated sample water. To ensure the stability of the base line, temperature and pressure differences of the two waters are kept within adequate ranges. Areas of application of the analyzer are wide ranging i.a. from ships' discharge waters to waste waters of industrial processes. The first application of the analyzer is on board oil tankers to control the discharge process of bilge and ballast waters. The analyzer is the first that fully corresponds to the stringent regulations for oil content monitors by the International Maritime Organization (IMO). Pilot installations of the analyzer are made on industrial plants.
© (1986) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
P. Niemela and J. Jaatinen "On-Line Analyzer For Monitoring Trace Amounts Of Oil In Turbid Waters", Proc. SPIE 0590, Infrared Technology and Applications, (1 May 1986); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.951999
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