During a 17 month period (November 1978 - March 1980) phytoplankton pigment concentrations were remotely sensed in the northern Gulf of Mexico using the Coastal Zone Color Scanner. A total of 29 CZCS orbits were processed into pigment (chlorophyll a + phaeopigments) images and then geometrically warped to a mercator projection. A correction factor of 1.67 was applied to the pigment concentrations to correct for the tendency of the standard fluorometric method to underestimate chlorophyll a concentrations. The spatial and temporal distributions of pigment fronts were quite variable during this time series. Constant features observed throughout the pigment imagery were the entrainment of coastal waters offshore. The most extensive entrainments occurred during intrusions of the Loop Current. For the 17 month survey, the mean HPLC-corrected pigment concentration was 3.30 ± 1.45 mg-3.
Charles C. Trees,
Sayed Z. El-Sayed,
"Remote Sensing Of Chlorophyll Concentrations In The Northern Gulf Of Mexico", Proc. SPIE 0637, Ocean Optics VIII, (7 August 1986); doi: 10.1117/12.964249; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.964249