Certain smectic liquid-crystalline mesophases of chiral materials have been shown to exhibit both ferroelectric and pyroelectric properties. Consequently, these phenomena have recently been evaluated for their device potential. For example, these modifications have been proposed for use in displays, heat sensors, linear arrays, and spatial light modulators. Success of this ferroelectric media in these applications is primarily dependent on understanding and utilizing the nature of the physical properties of the material. In this article the macroscopic properties such as spontaneous polarization, helical structuring, and phase behavior are discussed in terms of the microscopic interactions of the constitutent molecules of the phase.
J. W. Goodby,
J. S. Patel,
"Properties of Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals", Proc. SPIE 0684, Liquid Crystals and Spatial Light Modulator Materials, (19 December 1986); doi: 10.1117/12.936479; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.936479