8 January 1987 Large Scale Interconnections Using Dynamic Gratings
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Proceedings Volume 0700, 1986 Intl Optical Computing Conf; (1987) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.936963
Event: 1986 International Computing Conference, 1986, Jerusalem, Israel
Abstract
Optics is attractive for interconnects because the possibility of crossing without any interaction multiple light beams. A crossbar network can be achieved using holographic elements which permit to connect independently all inputs and all outputs. The incorporation of dynamic holographic materials is enticing as this will render the interconnection changeable. However, it is necessary to find first a passive method permitting to achieve beam deflection and secondly a photosensitive material of high optical quality requiring low power levels to optically induce the refractive index changes. We first describe an optical method allowing to produce very large deflections of light beams thus enabling to randomly address any spot on a plane. Such a technique appears applicable to both interconnections of VLSI chips and random access of optical memories. Our scheme for realizing dynamic optical interconnects is based on Bragg diffraction of the beam to steer by a dynamic phase grating which spacing and orientation are changeable in real time. This is achieved in a passive way by acting on the optical frequency of the control beams used to record the dynamic grating. Deflection angles of 15° have been experimentally demonstrated for a 27 nm shift in the control wavelength. For a larger wavelength scanning (50 nm), 28° deflections are anticipated while maintaining the Bragg condition satisfied. We then discuss some issues related to photosensitive materials able to dynamically record the optically induced refractive index change. The specific example of Bi12 Si 020 or Bi12 Ge 020 photorefractive crystals is presented. Indeed these materials are very attractive as they require low driving energy and exhibit a memory effect. This latter property permits to achieve numerous iterations between computing cells before reconfiguration of the interconnect network.
© (1987) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Gilles Pauliat, Gilles Pauliat, Gerald Roosen, Gerald Roosen, "Large Scale Interconnections Using Dynamic Gratings", Proc. SPIE 0700, 1986 Intl Optical Computing Conf, (8 January 1987); doi: 10.1117/12.936963; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.936963
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