1 January 1987 Determination Of Constituent Concentration In Fluid Mixtures Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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The primary application of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been qualitative and anatomical evaluation of patient status. Recent efforts to analyze image information for quantitative evaluation centered on two relaxation parameters, Tl and T2, as the descriptors for the image data. In our work we have found that relaxation curves for biologic materials cannot be described by a monoexponential function and that, in a spin echo system, calculated Tl values are dependent on repetition time. This finding is not unexpected since, in physiologic imaging, any region of interest (ROI), is composed of a number of distinct substances and the response of that ROI will be a composite of the constituent materials. The purpose of our study was to develop a method by which the relaxation behaviors of a composite of physiological material might be characterized and use that characterization to determine its constituent materials. We created a phantom in which volumes of several "pure" materials (blood, plasma, saline and oil) were available as well as volumes which contained concentric enclosures of the pure materials. Images were formed at a number of repetition times, ranging from 160 milliseconds to 2 seconds. The image data was then transferred to a VAX 11/750 where regions of interest were marked and the mean image intensity for each ROI at each repetition time was calculated. The resultant relaxation curves of the pure materials formed basis vectors for the composite responses and the fractional content of each material was determined by a least-square error fit to the basis vectors. Excellent agreement was seen between known and measured mixture percentages. Ongoing work is centered around optimizing repetition time selection and accounting for the interaction between species in the mixtures.
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Robert L. Galloway, Jerry C. Collins, and Frank E. Carroll "Determination Of Constituent Concentration In Fluid Mixtures Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging", Proc. SPIE 0767, Medical Imaging, (1 January 1987); doi: 10.1117/12.966975; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.966975


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