The difficulties encountered in using conventional formulations of polarised scattering are overcome by employing a target decomposition theorem based on the concept of a target coherency matrix. To illustrate the classification potential of this new formalism, two important scattering problems are considered; the scattering of light by a cloud of randomly oriented anisotropic particles and the reflection of light from a rough surface. In both cases, emphasis is placed on the polarisation properties of the scattered light and experimental results are presented to illustrate the potential of the new formalism for a classification of surfaces and particle clouds.
S. R. Cloude, S. R. Cloude,
"The Importance Of Polarisation Information In Optical Remote Sensing", Proc. SPIE 0810, Optical Systems for Space Applications, (18 September 1987); doi: 10.1117/12.941519; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.941519