2 February 1988 Thin Metallic Films From Solvated Metal Atoms
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Metals were evaporated under vacuum and the metal atoms solvated by excess organic solvents at low temperature. Upon warming stable colloidal metal particles were formed by controlled metal atom clustering. The particles were stabilized toward flocculation by solvation and electrostatic effects. Upon solvent removal the colloidal particles grew to form thin films that were metallic in appearance, but showed higher resistivities than pure metallic films. Gold, palladium, platinium, and especially indium are discussed.
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Galo Cardenas Trivino, Galo Cardenas Trivino, Kenneth J. Klabunde, Kenneth J. Klabunde, Brock Dale, Brock Dale, } "Thin Metallic Films From Solvated Metal Atoms", Proc. SPIE 0821, Modeling of Optical Thin Films, (2 February 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.941859; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.941859

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