9 August 1988 Development Of Highly Polished, Grazing Incidence Mirrors For Synchrotron Radiation Beam Lines At SSRL
Author Affiliations +
New platinum-coated grazing incidence mirrors with low surface roughnesses have been developed to focus bending magnet radiation from the SSRL/SLAC SPEAR storage ring on the entrance slits of two Beam Line VIII grating monochromators. The first mirror in the toroidal grating monochromator (TGM) branch is a cooled SiC cylinder capable of absorbing synchrotron radiation power levels of up to 260 watts without excessive distortion. This mirror deflects the beam vertically through a 12° angle and focuses it sagitally on the TGM entrance slit plane. The second TGM optical element is a fused-silica spherical mirror with a large radius of curvature that deflects the beam vertically through an additional 12° and focuses it tangentially with 3/1 demagnification. The first mirror in our spherical grating branch is a 5°-vertically deflecting, cooled SiC toroid designed to focus tangentially on the monochromator entrance slits and sagitally on the exit slits. A 4°- deflecting fused silica mirror is used after the exit slits in each beam line to refocus on to the sample. For this application a thin cylinder is bent to approximate an ellipsoid. The mirrors are now installed at SSRL and performance measurements are planned. Qualitatively the focus of the TGM optics at the entrance slit plane appears very good. In this paper we discuss considerations leading to the choice of SiC for each of the two first mirrors. We present highlights of the development of these mirrors with some emphasis on SiC polishing techniques. In addition, the specialized metrology developed to produce the more difficult figure of the toroid will be described. Measured surface roughness and figure results will be presented.
© (1988) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
K. Glenn Tirsell, K. Glenn Tirsell, E. J. Berglin, E. J. Berglin, B. A. Fuchs, B. A. Fuchs, F. R. Holdener, F. R. Holdener, H. H. Humpal, H. H. Humpal, V. P. Karpenko, V. P. Karpenko, S. Kulkarni, S. Kulkarni, Stephen D. Fantone, Stephen D. Fantone, "Development Of Highly Polished, Grazing Incidence Mirrors For Synchrotron Radiation Beam Lines At SSRL", Proc. SPIE 0830, Grazing Incidence Optics for Astronomical and Laboratory Applications, (9 August 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.942185; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.942185


Fabricating Cylindrical Mirrors
Proceedings of SPIE (May 02 1982)
Stigmatic Properties Of Holographic Gratings
Proceedings of SPIE (November 26 1989)
HEL (High-Energy Laser) Silicon Component Technology
Proceedings of SPIE (September 14 1981)

Back to Top