23 March 1988 Mode-Mode Interference Effects In Axially Strained Few-Mode Optical Fibers
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 0838, Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors V; (1988); doi: 10.1117/12.942538
Event: Cambridge Symposium on Fiber Optics and Integrated Optoelectronics, 1987, Cambridge, MA, United States
Abstract
Optical fiber modal domain methods which use mode-mode interference as the sensing mechanism have been used to detect strain, temperature and pressure. Typically, bending-induced strain applications involve mode coupling which changes the mode field distributions. In this paper, we report the use of axial strain with minimal bending on a few-mode optical fiber ( V = 4.47) to study mode pattern modulation. Such modulation due to quasi-statically varying strain in particular has been observed and quantified. More complicated low frequency strain variations about "quiescent DC strain" points associated with different system strain sensitivities have also been analyzed. A heuristic discussion of the modal domain phenomenon responsible for this fiber waveguide modal behavior is presented.
© (1988) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
N. K. Shankaranarayanan, K. T. Srinivas, R. O. Claus, "Mode-Mode Interference Effects In Axially Strained Few-Mode Optical Fibers", Proc. SPIE 0838, Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors V, (23 March 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.942538; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.942538
PROCEEDINGS
4 PAGES


SHARE
KEYWORDS
Optical fibers

Modulation

Sensors

Phase modulation

Waveguides

Fiber optics sensors

Phase measurement

Back to Top