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19 February 1988 Photodynamic Modification Of Plasma Membrane Function In Erythrocytes Sensitized By Xanthenes: What Determines Potency?
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Proceedings Volume 0847, New Directions in Photodynamic Therapy; (1988) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.942700
Event: Cambridge Symposium on Optics in Medicine and Visual Image Processing, 1987, San Diego, CA, United States
Abstract
Several xanthene sensitizers were compared as sensitizers of membrane function in erythrocytes and some of their physico-chemical properties were examined. Eosin derivatives that localize at different membrane sites were equally effective at sensitizing both ion leaks and inactivation of membrane cholinesterase, implying that a diffusible intermediate reacts with membrane targets. Assessments of membrane loading and calculations of diffusion distances for singlet oxygen indicate that amounts of membrane-located sensitizer are quantitatively much greater than amounts in the nearby reaction medium. Potency measurements and assessment of absorption spectra and singlet oxygen production in water-dioxane mixtures lead to the conclusion that differential sorption to membranes, photon capture in low polarity environments and conversion of excited states to singlet oxygen are they key determinants of sensitizing potency.
© (1988) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John P. Pooler "Photodynamic Modification Of Plasma Membrane Function In Erythrocytes Sensitized By Xanthenes: What Determines Potency?", Proc. SPIE 0847, New Directions in Photodynamic Therapy, (19 February 1988); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.942700
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